23 Sep 2015

Sci-Fi Books

Science Fiction is a fiction, nonexistent life, something like a fairy tale, but it seems like a truth to a reader. It is like a myth that touches the essence of life. Ratio does not see it as something possible. It happens that we un-bewitched the whole world and we see with common eyes. It is our problem.  

What if? That is the question of Science Fiction. Science Fiction asks and tells us through imagination about life as a future, science and technology, space, time, parallel universes, etc. Is it a utopia's world or really sociological studies of the future? Hugo Gernsback was one of the first who used the term "Science Fiction" and Forrest Ackerman used the term Sci-Fi with "Hi-Fi" trend, and H. G. Wells uses his time machine. 

Science fiction also criticizes the current world and initiates a new direction in human life. Sci-Fi books contemplate about possible future, and the poet Edgar Allan Poe with Jules Verne and Wells are often mentioned as the founders of Science Fiction. Mark Twain explored science in his novel “A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court“, as well as Franz Kafka and modern writers: James Joyce, T. S. Eliot, Virginia Woolf, etc. Orson Welles's radio version of “The War of the Worlds” panicked many people who believed the program was the reality. Science Fiction in 1953 with “The Quatermass Experiment” (1953.) was shown on British TV, the first significant science fiction show as a horror. William S. Burroughs was the writer who brought Sci-Fi in the modern literature. Science fiction films develop its genre additionally with Stanley Kubrick's ”2001: A Space Odyssey”. Contemporary Sci-Fi has been marked as cyberpunk. SF writers invented the robot long before it was possible to build one, before the modern science.

Traditional mythology appears in Science Fiction that has a long prehistory, in the epics of early Greek civilization with Mount Olympus and includes voyages to distant worlds, inhabited by one-eyed giants (the Cyclops Polyphemus), a six-headed monster, a creature that swallows passing ships, a woman who turns people into animals, etc. Sci-Fi we meet in ancient Sumer, ancient Egypt, India and other Civilization.

30 Science Fiction books that you must read are:

1. Aldous Huxley: “Brave New World”
2. Arthur C. Clarke: “2001: A Space Odyssey”
3. Arthur C. Clarke: “Rendezvous with Rama”
4. Dan Simmons: “Hyperion Cantos”
5. Frank Herbert: “Dune“
6. Frederik George Pohl: “Gateway”
7. George Orwell: “Nineteen Eighty-Four“
8. H. G. Wells: “The Time Machine”
9. H. G. Wells: “The War of the Worlds”
10. Isaac Asimov: “I, Robot”
11. Isaac Asimov: “Foundation“
12. Iain M. Banks: “Use of Weapon”
13. J. R. R. Tolkien: “The Lord of the Rings”
14. John Varley: “Gaea Trilogy”
15. Jules Verne: “20,000 Leagues under the Sea”
16. Keith: “Roberts: Pavane”
17. Larry Niven: “Ringworld”
18. Margaret Atwood: “The Handmaid’s Tale”
19. Michael J. Sullivan: “Hollow World“
20. Michael Crichton: “Sphere”
21. Peter S. Beagle: “The Last Unicorn”
22. Ray Bradbury: Fahrenheit 451”
23. Richard Matheson: “I Am Legend”
24. Robert A. Heinlein: “Starship Trooper”
25. Roger Zelazny: “Lord of Light”
26. Samuel R. Delany: “Babel-17”
27. Stanislaw Lam:  “The Man from Mars”
28. Stanislaw Lam:  “Solaris”
29. Ursula Kroeber Le Guin: “The Left Hand of Darkness“ 
30. Ursula Kroeber Le Guin: “The Other Wind”


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